Sri Rama Navami is widely celebrated throughout India with great joy and enthusiasm. Ramanavami is the day Lord Sri Rama was born, in the month of Chaitra on Sudda Navami, Rama Navami is celebrated. The first day of Chaitra Masam is called Ugadi, the beginning of the year. This nine days festival is also called Vasanta Navratri. In southern parts of India, people do Sita Rama Kalyanam, which shows Rama and Sita’s wedding.
Legend: King Dasaratha of Ayodhya was in anguish desire for a son, when Bramharshi Vashista told him to perform a Puthrakameshti Yagam. And at the final stage of the Puthrkameshti, Lord Visnu himself appeared from the fire and gave payasam to Dasaratha. Dasaratha gave that to Koushalya, who shared half with Kaikeyi. Then both queens shared half of their payasam with Sumithra. After that Koushalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikeyi to Bharatha and Sumithra had two sons, Lakshmana and Shathrugna.
Later, when King Dasaratha wants to do Rama Pattabhishekam but Kaikeyi interrupted him and sends Rama to the woods. All these had happened for the destruction of evil and negativeness from the world. Rama kills Ravana, the demon (asura), and reinstate prosperity and peace.
Eka Sloki Ramayanam:
Adhuv Raama Tapovanaadi Gamanam Hatva Mrugam Kaanchanam
Vaidehiharanam Jatayumaranam sugrivasambhashanam
Vaalinigrahanam Samudrataranam Lankaapuridahanam
Paschadravana Kumbhakarnanidhanam Hetarthi Ramayanam
Significance of Rama Navami:
According to the ancient religious texts, Rama Naam is considered as Tarak Mantra. Ra syllable is Agni beejam and Ma syllable is Amruta beejam by combining the both as Rama, which surely destroys one impiety or wickedness and gives liberation to the soul. Meditating on Lord Rama and chanting his name is believed to lead to the effortlessness of life and moksha, it is believed that listening to the story of Rama cleanses the soul. It is a regulation for every devotee to observe the Ram Navami Vrat, because the Rama Navami Vrat is considered to be one of the five most important Vrata in ancient times, for gaining happiness in the material world and achieving salvation. People observe fast for nine days, from Ugadi to Rama Navami.
The main objective of fasting is to seek perfection as a human being. In some temples Chariot procession also performed with idols of Rama, Sita, Lakshmana, and Hanuma. People chant the holy name of Rama, perform puja, and sung bhajans throughout the day. In northern parts of India, Ramacharita Manas of Tulsidas also recited in temples. The most significant and popular event of the Vasanta Navratri celebration is Ramayana Parayanam.
Therefore, with this celebration of Rama Navami, we must nurture the qualities of Rama (Maryada Purushottam) and one must succeed in life towards enlightenment.